Today, Saturday, August 24, 2019

Why Everyone Should Learn CPR

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and is an emergency procedure combining rescue breathing and chest compressions in an effort to reverse cardiac arrest. CPR is a method to reactivate the heart in pumping blood through the body. While cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not likely to restart the heart, its purpose is to generate oxygenated blood to vital organs, most importantly the brain.

If cardiopulmonary resuscitation is successful, it provides temporary relief to vital organs and body parts, thereby decreasing the likelihood of brain damage or death.

In general, CPR is only effective on a victim of cardiac arrest if commenced within 6-7 minutes after cessation of blood flow through the body. It is important for members of the community to become certified in order to perform the chest compression and mouth-to-mouth techniques in case of an emergency. While cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not always effective, it buys time before the paramedics arrive to perform electric shock defibrillation on the heart. Nearly every community offers classes or certification programs through administrative departments, such as police or fire departments.

As recently as 2009, controversy over which is the most effective method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation have been published. Some doctors and cardiologists argue that chest compressions should not be combined with mouth-to-mouth resuscitation techniques because the most important aspect of resuscitation is inducing blood to the brain. A British medical journal reported that in a study of 4,000 victims of cardiac arrest, those who received compression-only CPR had twice the likelihood of survival as opposed to those who received compression and mouth-to-mouth. Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, of course, is an effort to get air into the lungs, followed by compressions to the heart. Regardless, some doctors, paramedics, and cardiologists still encourage compressions and mouth-to-mouth to increase the amount of oxygen present in the body during revival.

The American Heart Association adopted its newest cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines in 2005. Statistics published by the AHA(American Heart Association) indicate that cardiopulmonary resuscitation delivered to victims within the first 3-5 minutes of collapse drastically increases survival rates. Survival rates increase up to 25% when victims receive bystander CPR and paramedic defibrillation.

Why It Matters to You
Learning CPR can save lives. People die every day from cardiac arrest, due to drowning, smoke inhalation, and many other causes because family members, friends, and bystanders don't know how to respond effectively in order to reactive blood flow to prevent brain damage or death. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is easy to learn, and classes are available all over the United States to instruct people how to deal with cardiac arrest and/or ceased breathing. Simple maneuvers, such as chest compressions of about 100 per minute and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation (where the emergency assistant simply breathes small amounts of air into the victim's mouth), can aid in saving in many lives.

Emergency response steps in cases of cardiac arrest:

1. Call 911 immediately.
2. Perform chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation incrementally).
3. When the paramedics arrive, provide them with necessary information regarding the time period since the collapse or cardiac arrest and actions taken between the time they were called and arrival.

Learning CPR is a simple way to save a life.  It offers immediate emergency assistance during the critical first few minutes after breathing has ceased.  Just by administring CPR, one can prevent brain damage due to lack of oxygen until help arrives, thus possibly ensuring not only the survival of the victim but their return to a normal life.   

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